In the play The Crucible there are many morals that teach us a lot about the time period in which it was written. Throughout this plays there are several morals, and symbols; these morals and symbols are all closely related and somewhat difficult to differentiate. Two main symbols are intolerance, also revenge and betrayal.
Intolerance to the Unknown
The story that takes place in the puritan era; and during this time religion was a huge part of everyone’s life, or at least it should have been. There was a distinct difference between good and evil, and if you were convicted of misdemeanor you were punished, and looked upon as a worshiper of the devil, or a witch. An example of this would take place in the beginning of the play when Abigail Williams, Tituba, and the rest of the young girls are caught performing some kind of “witchery” in the forest. This is only the beginning of everyone’s trouble. As the play unravels, most of the women in their town are also convicted of witchcraft for several reasons; Goody Nurse is convicted of killing several of Goody Proctor’s babies. And everyone else is convicted of not confessing to their wrong doings. In the end people were taken away to be hung, and we never really know what happens to them. The fact that people are afraid of the unknown in unfortunate for many people; some were wrongly convicted, and others, although they did wrong were sent to death but they never really hurt anyone. Fortunately, for us I believe that most of our ideas about the unknown have changed and we’ve come to accept the differences in our lives and everyone surrounding us.
Betrayal and Revenge
Another theme that can be found in this play is betrayal and revenge. In the play there are a few stories between people of betrayal, and soon enough the stories are followed with revenge.
In the play we discover that John Proctor has cheated on his wife with Abigail Williams, and that he leaves her as soon as his wife finds out; this makes Abigail mad, and she decides to take revenge on John Proctor by trying to remove the love from his life as he had done to her. She does this by coming together with the young girls in the town plus her uncle’s servant Tituba to kill Goody Proctor. They perform some kind of witch craft and are caught by the priest (Abigail’s uncle); and this is where the plot of the play comes from.
Another example takes place in the court room where the group of girls that are convicted of witch craft gang up on their previous follower Mary Warren. Why? Yet again, we are presented with another story of betrayal and revenge. Mary Warren betrayed the girls by telling John Proctor (her boss) that they tried to kill his wife with witch craft. They pretend that the girl Mary Warren has sent her soul out to get them. The girls make a scene, and scream out to try and get Mary convicted of witchery, they try and frame her; making it look like it is all her fault that anything had happened.Believe it or not, betrayal and deceit will never end in our world. It’s a never ending cycle like many things in everyone’s lifetime.
Don’t you think that Miller did an excellent job demonstrating day to day issues in our world?